The shelves have been tidied, the goods have been ordered, the book-keeping is done. Now the shop assistant in an ordinary shop is waiting for the next customer to walk in. Is this waiting time part of working time?
15% is the proportion of women among non-executive directors and members of supervisory boards of companies listed on the stock exchange in the EU-27 countries. The proportion of women on management boards is even lower, at 8.9% throughout Europe. It does not take a mathematical genius to see that this is not a lot.
At least since the time when the concept of “life-long learning” has served to define European education policy, skills and abilities that can be acquired outside the formal education systems have assumed increasing importance.